Explanation of your clients’ lifestyle gathered from your Family and Youth Assessment. Identifying your clients’ situation and predicting their behaviors to their respective situations.
Provide a summary of theory in practice of how you as the social worker would approach your clients. What would be your plan to address your clients’ needs? What would be your starting point and appropriate intervention to assist your clients? Utilize selected theory to reflect your role as social worker and the pros and cons of your impact on your clients.
Use one :
Systems Theory: Describes human behavior in terms of complex systems. It is premised on the idea that an effective system is based on individual needs, rewards, expectations, and attributes of the people living in the system. According to this theory, families, couples, and organization members are directly involved in resolving a problem even if it is an individual issue.
Banduras Social Learning Theory: Combines cognitive learning theory, which posits that learning is influenced by psychological factors, and behavioral learning theory, which assumes that learning is based on responses to environmental stimuli.
Erikson Stages of Psychosocial Development: This is based on Freud’s psychosexual theory. Erikson proposed that we are motivated by the need to achieve competence in certain areas of our lives.
Psychodynamic Theory: This was developed by Freud, and it explains personality in terms of conscious and unconscious forces. This social work theory describes the personality as consisting of the id (responsible for following basic instincts), the superego (attempts to follow rules and behave morally), and the ego (mediates between the id and the ego).
Rational Choice Theory: This is based on the idea that all action is fundamentally rational in character, and people calculate the risks and benefits of any action before making decisions.
Transpersonal Theory: Proposes additional stages beyond the adult ego. In healthy individuals, these stages contribute to creativity, wisdom, and altruism. In people lacking healthy ego development, experiences can lead to psychosis.
Cognitive Behavior Theory: This is based on a thought process for developing healthier thinking. Cognitive behavior therapy is based on a cognitive theory of psychopathology. The cognitive model describes how people’s perceptions of, or spontaneous thoughts about, situations influence their emotional, behavioral (and often psychological) reactions.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy Theory and Practice: This is based on cognitive development which explains how a child constructs a mental model of the world. According to Piaget, children are born with a very basic mental structure (genetically inherited and evolved) on which all subsequent learning and knowledge are based.
Family Life Cycle Theory: This is based on the premise of a typical series of changes in structure that are prompted by family developmental needs. The process includes broadening, contracting, and realigning of relationship patterns to support the entry, exit, and development of members in a healthy way. This spiraling allows opportunities within the family for members to work and rework issues of closeness and individuality.
Social Conflict: This is based on the argument that individuals and groups within society interact on the basis of conflict rather than consensus. Through various forms of conflict, groups will tend to attain differing amounts of material and nonmaterial resources.
Marxism Structural Conflict Theory: Claims society is in a state of perpetual conflict because of competition for limited resources. A basic premise of conflict theory is that individuals and groups within society will work to maximize their own benefits.
Jean Piaget Theory of Cognitive Development: Suggests that children move through four different stages of mental development. His theory focuses not only on understanding how children acquire knowledge but also on understanding the nature of intelligence.
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